of 14th c. - Tamburlaine
First Armenian book printed, in Venice.
c.-1585 - Ottomans
& Iranian Safarids Dynasty fought for dominion over Anatolia &
the Caucasian region
succeeded in annexing the eastern part of Armenia as far as the Caucasus.
- Armenians deported
from Julfa (Djugh) to Isfahan (New Julfa) by king Shah Abbas I of Persia,
- Israel Ori: independence
The Mekhitarist Fathers in Venice
- Davit' Bek fights
- Attempts by General
Hovsep' (Joseph) Emin & Archbishop Hovsep' Arghut'ian to form an anti-Islamic
coalition between Gorgia, Russia & the Armenians failed.
The treaty of Turkmencay - Eastern Armenia annexed by Russia under the
rule of Czar Paul I.
Tanzimat movement, promoted by Sultan Mahmud II as a stimulus and program
for an approach by the Ottoman Empire to the Western culture.
- The Reawakening (Zart'onk) - Expansion of schools and attempts
to set up the periodical press. Abolition of clerical monopoly over culture.
Changes in the day to day lifestyle. New merchant classes emerged along
with professional people, artisans and above all a new class of intellectuals.
- The founding of the three main Armenian political parties:
(1885, Armenian); Hntchakian (1887, socialist); and Dashnaktsakan
- Arrests and most atrocious treatments were being carried out
by the Ottoman Turks against the Christians (Armenians). Heavy taxes were
imposed, hundreds of Armenian civilians were cast into Turkish prisons,
stripped of their clothes and tortured in the most diabolical manner. A
new low by the Turkish gov. saw the word "Armenia" stricken out
of every book. Rights to worship the Christian religion was suppressed.
Many more restrictions and laws were put forth to further suppress the
Christian communities in the Turkish empire.
- Massacres of Armenians at Sassun, Trebizond, Erzrum, Harput,
Antab, Marash, Urfa, Bitlis and many other
Armenian towns and surrounding villages.
The Ramkavar political party was founded and few years later the
- The "Young Turk" Regime came to power in Turkey - Sultan Abdul-Hamid
was deposed and exiled to Salonika
- World War I - Over 1.5 million
Armenians were massacred and deported out of their homeland by the Turkish
1918 - Sardarabat battle (Independence Day) and the establishment
of the First Republic of Armenia (1918-1920)
1920 - Treaty
- Soviet Armenian Republic