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History &
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The Armenian Alphabet

he Armenian alphabet was created in 405 A.D. by a monk named Mesrob Mashtots. It consists of 38 characters (the original alphabet had 36 characters, the last two characters "o" and "fè" were added later).

There are two standardized vernacular dialects, which are used today; Eastern Armenian (Arevelian Hayeren) and Westerns Armenian (Arevmdian Hayeren), whose names reflect their geographic origins. The following chart displays the Armenian alphabet in uppercase and lowercase; their character names (both in Armenian and English); their character sound and pronunciation (both in Eastern and Western Armenian).

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There are no words in English that contain the sounds "gh" and "kh". Other languages like German, have words that contain these sounds.

NOTE: A more comprehensive character chart can be found in the "Learn Armenian" section of 'Hye Etch'.

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Updated 27 December, 2002 ..
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