book is not a statistical study of the 1915-1918 Turkish Genocide, when
Armenia had sacrificed over one million five-hundred thousand men, women
and children and billions of dollars of real estate property to the Allies
merely a realistic presentation of some segments of my life during World
War I, when Turkey had embarked on a diabolical policy of solving the Armenian
National Cause by trying to exterminate the Armenian nation by general
deportation and massacre.
just graduated from the Armenian High School in Constantinople, when war
was declared between the Central Powers and the Allies. As a Turkish citizen
of Armenian descent, I was inducted as a candidate for reserve officer.
After a few months of intense training, I passed the examination and became
a Second Lieutenant in the Field Artillery.
my service in the Turkish army, and later in the Allied forces, I came
into contact with the derelicts of the Genocide. Groups
of little orphans huddled here and there, in ditches, by the corpses of
their parents, dazed, terrified, dying.
walked through fields, with human skeletons scattered around, bleached
by the sun and molested by beasts.
seen churches converted into stables, with their altars bare and desolate
of their Holy articles.
the inner torture of these gruesome sights, it became impossible for me
to stay, any longer, in the Turkish service. I deserted and joined the
Allied forces: “La Legion d’Orient,” and fought the Turks for three years.
The Turkish government had converted the Eastern Vilayets, which had a
predominantly Armenian population, into a veritable slaughter house.
of survivors had succeeded in crossing the frontier and joining Armenian
Volunteers’ Battalions spearheading the Russian army on the Caucasian front.
had started to hammer the Turkish Divisions, while their other brothers
in La Legion d’Orient were getting ready for a decisive offensive under
the command of General Allenby, in the Middle East.
the Bolsheviks took over the leadership of Russia, their army pulled back
on the entire Caucasian Front, leaving the Armenians all alone
to hold the line.
had become critical, requiring superhuman effort and wise strategy to come
out alive from the possible disaster.
That effort was, fortunately, created by all civil, religious and military
leaders. Generals Piroumian, Araradian, Siligian, Paghramanian, Hovsepian,
Antranik, Dro, Paroyan and many others were assembled under the command
of General Nazarbekian. At the May 1918 battles of Sardarabad, Bah Abaran
and Karakillisseh, Turkey was defeated. The Armenian Parliament proclaimed
Armenia as United and Independent on May 28, 1919. The victorious Allies
together with their “Little Ally” Armenia, as well as defeated Turkey,
officially signed the Sèvres Treaty on August 10, 1920, recognizing
the existence of Armenian Independence.
Wilson, president of the United States, delineated the western boundaries
of Armenia, establishing a United Armenia covering 161,370 square kilometers,
in response to the invitation given him by the Sèvres Treaty.
is the important array of the signatories:
Empire, France, Italy, Japan, Armenia, Belgium, Greece, Hedjaz (Saudi-Arabia),
Poland, Portugal, Romania, the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, Czechoslovakia,
United States, as a non-belligerent of Turkey in World War I, was not a
signatory but played a role as observer.
Treaty of Lausanne, as a result of the Turco-Bolshevik friendship,
three years after the signing of the Sèvres Treaty, those nations,
which had signed, came to an agreement with the Kemalist government of
Turkey, without even mentioning the question of Armenian rights.
the newly created friendship of Red Russia with Kemalist Turkey, controversies
among the Allied Powers, degenerated international morality, and the apathy
toward justice, were the principal factors in renouncing Sèvres
and agreeing on the Treaty of Lausanne. Turkey thus emerged from
its grave, with a diabolical smile on her face.
provisions of the Sèvres Treaty still remain unfulfilled. The attention
of the world once again must be drawn to what the Treaty had conceded to
the Armenian people as the price of their enormous sacrifices.
a visual grasp of events, I have introduced in my book some pictures taken
from well known Album Revolutionnaire by Avo, showing types
of our old-time Fedayis, and of the derelicts of Genocide, without going
into any detailed interpretation of them.
is no picture of a Turk in my book.