The Armenian Genocide
By Hye Etch
Armenian genocide was the first genocide of the 20th century, perpetrated
by the Ottoman Turkish government against its defenceless and law-abiding
citizens, the Armenians, a Christian minority in a Muslim state.
This was a campaign instigated and
carried out by a legitimate government against its loyal Christian subjects.
Its aim was to loot, destroy and seize Armenian properties and businesses,
and the complete annihilation of an advanced and culturally superior civilisation.
For more than a quarter of a century,
the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire under the leadership of Sultan Abdul
Hamid II and later under the rule of the Young Turk regime suffered
unspeakable abuse, torture, massacres and persecution. This resulted
in the rape, murder and deportation of more than 1.5 million Armenians
from their historic homeland, and the distruction of a 3000-year-old heritage
and rich culture.
In spite of all the evidences and
the eye witness accounts recorded during those horrible years by foreigners
and survivors of the genocide, the Turkish government denies to this date
that such atrocities and mass murders have taken place, and refuses to
admit the guilt and accept the responsibility.
Every year, on April 24 Armenians
all over the world commemorate the murder of their nation. The murder of
1.5 million innocent and defenceless children, women, elderly and men.
This is also the date on which in 1915 the Turkish government arrested
over 200 Armenian poets, intellectuals, religious and community leaders
in Constantinople and imprisoned them in the interior of Anatolia, where
most were summarily executed.
This chapter is dedicated to the
memory of all those Armenians who suffered terrible atrocities and were
murdered during the Armenian genocide. This is an introduction to the first
genocide of the 20th century, its context and legacy. You will learn about
the atrocities and oppressions that the Armenian nation had to suffer under
the Turkish rule. A detailed account of the events during 1913-1916 by
the former American Ambassador to Turkey - Henry Morgenthau, describes
the situation in Turkey.
A special page has been dedicated
to the eye witness accounts and stories recorded during and after the Armenian
genocide by foreigners, missionaries and survivors of the genocide. And
last but not lest you can read about the punishment of the murderers; declarations
of recognition (by governments and individuals) in favour of the Armenian
genocide; and the demands of the Armenian nation.
Please be advised that some of the
material in this chapter contains strong graphic descriptions of the atrocities
and massacres which took place during the Armenian genocide, and that they
may not be suitable for the faint-hearted.
Pictures and illustrations are provided,
as visual aids to assist the reader to better understand their subject.
By clicking on an image, an enlarged version will be displayed accompanied
by a caption.
This chapter will be regularly updated
with new material and images, so please visit often and explore these pages.
If you wish to contribute material (literature & pictures) suitable
for this chapter, please click "here"
to get in touch with us.