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Genocide:
Context &
Legacy
 Oppression
 & Atrocities
 American
 Ambassador
.
Personal
Experiences
Punishment
Recognition 
& Demands 
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The Armenian Massacres of 1894-1897: A Bibliography

7. MODERN STUDIES 

  • Akçam, Taner. Siyasî Kültürümüzde Zulüm ve kence (Atrocity and torture in our political culture). Istanbul: Iletiim, 1992, 446p.
  • Anderson, M. S. The Eastern Question 1774-1923: A Study in International Relations. London: Macmillan, reprinted with corrections 1968, 436p. See especially pages 253-260. 
  • Arutiunian, G. "Angliia i armianskii vopros v seredine 90-kh godov XIX veka" (England and the Armenian Question in the middle of the 90's of the 19th century). Novaia i noveishaia istoriia no. 6 (1959): 82-97. 
  • Boulgourdjian, Nelida Elena, comp. El Genocidio armenio en la prensa argentina (The Armenian Genocide in the Argentine press). Vol. 1 [1890-1900]. Buenos Aires: Plus Ultra, 1988, 549p. 
  • Brandes, G. Armenien und Europa. Genf, 1920. 
  • Chalabian, Antranig. General Andranik and the Armenian Revolutionary Movement. [Southfield, MI]: A. Chalabian, 1988, 588p. 
  • Revolutionary Figures. Translated into English by Arra S. Avakian. Southfield, MI: A. Chalabian, 1994, 384p. 
  • Dadrian, Vahakn N. The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus. Providence, Oxford: Berghahn Books, 1995, 452p. 
  • "The Perversion by Turkish Sources of Russian General Mayewski's Report on the Turko-Armenian Conflict." Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies 5 (1990-1991): 139-152. 
  • Gust, Wolfgang. Der Volkermord an den Armeniern: die Trägodie des altesten Christenvolkes der Welt (The Genocide of the Armenians: The tragedy of the oldest Christian people in the world). München: Carl Hanser, 1993, 335p. 
  • Hambaryan, A.S. "Gyughats`iakan huzvanern arevelyan hayastanum 1895-1900 t`t`." (Peasant uprisings in Eastern Armenia, 1895-1900). Patma-Banasirakan Handes no. 2 (1976): 121-134. 
  • Hassiotis, J. K. "The Greeks and the Armenian Massacres (1890-1896)." Neo-Hellenika 4 (1981): 69-109. 
  • Hovakimian, A. A. "Haykakan hartse Serbakan Mamulum (19dari verj-20 dari skizb)" (The Armenian Question in the Serbian press from the end of the 19th century to the early 20th century). Patma-Banasirakan Hantes no. 4 (1990): 57-62. 
  • Hovhannisyan, N. H. "Sultan Abdul Hamid II-i Hakahaykakan kaghakakanutiunn arabakan zhamanakakits patmagrutyan gnahatmamb"(The appraisal of Sultan Abdul-Hamid II's anti-Armenian policies in present-day Arab historiography). Patma-Banasirakan Handes no. 1 (1987): 75-88. 
  • Hovhannisyan, N. H. "Turk` arabalezu heghinaki husagrut`yune 1894-1896 t`t`. haykakan kotoradzneri masin" (A Turkish Arab-speaking author's memoirs about the Armenian massacres 1894-1896. Patma-Banasirakan Handes no. 3 (1990): 184-189. 
  • Hovannisian, Richard G. "The Armenian Question in the Ottoman Empire." East European Quarterly, 6, no. 1 (1972): 1-26.
  • "The Armenian Question in the Ottoman Empire." Armenian Studies: Annals of the Lebanese Association of Armenian University Graduates, 1 (1973): 1-25. 
  • "The Armenian Question, 1878-1923." In Gérard Libaridian, ed., A Crime of Silence: The Armenian Genocide, London: Zed Books, 1985, 11-36. 
  • Hovnanian, S. V. Armeno-Bulgarski istoricheski vrzki i armenskite kolonii v Bulgariia prez vtorata polovina na XIX vek (Armeno-Bulgarian historical and the Armenian colony in Bulgaria in the second half of the 19th century). Sofiia, 1972. 
  • "Reznia Armian 1890-kh Godov i Bolgarskaia Obshchestvennost" (The slaughter of the Armenians in the 1890's and Bulgarian society). Istoriko-Filologicheskiy Zhurnal 2, 29 (1965): 207-210. 
  • K`ajuni, Eghishe. Andraniki ev haykakan arandzin haruatsogh zoromasi het (With Antranig and the first Armenian striking force). New Jersey, 1976. 
  • Kapigian, K. Haigagan hartse (The Armenian Question). Beirut, 1962. 
  • Kirakossian, John S. The Armenian Genocide: The Young Turks Before the Judgment of History. Translated from Russian by Shushan Altunian. English edition prepared by Arman Kirakossian. Madison, CT: Sphinx Press, Inc., 1992, 277p. 
  • Kochar, Meri Rachievna. Armiano-turetskie obshchestvenno-politicheskie otnosheniia i Armianskii vopros v kontse XIX-nachale XX vekov (Armenian-Turkish social-political relations and the Armenian Question at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries). Erevan: Iszdatel'stvo Erevanskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta, 1988, 306p. 
  • Koutcharian, Gerayer. Der Siedlungsraum der Armenier unter dem Einfulss der historisch-politischen Ereignisse seit dem Berliner Kongress 1878: eine politisch-geographische Analyse und Dokumentation (The settlement area of Armenia under the influence of historical-political events at the time of the Berlin Congress: A political-geographical analysis and documentation). Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag. Abhandung des Geographischer Instituts Anthropogeographie, Band 43, 1989, 317p. 
  • Khvostov, V. M. "Blizhnevostochnyi krizis 1895-1897 gg."(Crisis in the Near East). Istorik-marksist 13 (1929): 19-54. 
  • "Problemy zakhvata Bosfora v 90-kh godakh XIX veka" (Problems of seizing the Bosphorus in the 1890's). Istorik-marksist 20 (1936): 100-129. 
  • Langer, William L. The Diplomacy of Imperialism, 1890-1902. 2nd ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1951, 797p. 
  • Markosyan, S. Arevmtahayut`yan vijake XIX d. verjerin. Erevan: Hayastan, 1968, 340p. 
  • Melson, Robert F., "Armenians in the Ottoman Empire: The Massacres of 1894-1896." In Robert F. Melson, Revolution and Genocide: On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992, pp. 43-69. (This chapter is a later version of the paper appearing in Comparative Studies in Society and History.) 
  • "Theoretical Inquiry into the Armenian Massacres of 1894-1896." Comparative Studies in Society and History 24, 3 (July 1982): 481-509. 
  • Nersisian, Mkrtich G. Hai zhoghovrdi azatagrakan paikare trkakan brnatirutean dem, 1850-1970 (The Liberation struggle of the Armenian people against Turkish tyranny, 1850-1970). Erevan, 1955. 
  • Ohanian, Pascual Carlos. La cuestion Armenia y las relaciones internacionales. Tomo 1, 1839-1896. Buenos Aires: Edicion Institucion Armenia de Cultura "Arshak Chobanian", 1975, 465p. Tomo 2, 1897-1914. Buenos Aires: Editorial La Cuchara de Hierro, 1982, 537p. Hierro. Tomo 3, 1914-1918. Buenos Aires: Ediciones Akian, 1989. 
  • Palmer, Alan. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire. London: John Murray, 1993. See Chapter 12, "Armenia, Crete and the Thirty-Day War," pp. 175-188. 
  • P`ap`azyan, A. H. "Haykakan kotoratsnere ants`yali mi shark` T`urk` petakan gortsijneri hushagrut`yunnerum" (The Armenian Massacres in the memoirs of some Turkish state officials). Patma-Panasirakan Handes no. 4, 107 (1984): 91-98. 
  • Petrosian, Iu. A. "Armianskii vopros na stranitsakh redkogo emigrantskogo izdaniia Mladoturok" (The Armenian Question in the pages of a rare emigré publication of the Young Turks). Patma-Banasirakan Hantes no. 2 (1982): 173-178. 
  • Samardzhiev, Bozhidar. Armenskiiat vupros i Angliia (1894-1897) (The Armenian Question and England). Sofiia: Universitetsko Izdatelstvo "Sv. Kliment Okhridski," 1994, 216p. 
  • Sarkisian, E. K. "Armianskii vopros i Velikie Derzhavy"63-74. (The Armenian Question and the Great Powers). Literaturnaia Armeniia 6 (1965): 
  • Politika osmanskogo pravitel'stva v Zapadnoi Armenii i derzhavy v poslednei chetverti XIX i nachale XX vekov (The Ottoman government's policies in Western Armenia and the Powers in the last quarter of the 19th century and the early 20th century).. Erevan: Izd-vo AN Arm. SSR, 1972, 332p. 
  • Somakian, Manoug J. Empires in Conflict: Armenia and the Great Powers, 1895-1920. London: I.B. Tauris, 1995, 276p. 
  • Ternon, Yves. The Armenians: History of a Genocide. Trans. Rouben C. Cholakian. Delmar, NY: Caravan Books, 1981, 368p. 
  • T`orosyan, Kniaz. Zhoghovrdakan sharzhumnere Sasunum. Erevan: Hayastan, 1966, 169p. 
  • Walker, Christopher J. Armenia: The Survival of a Nation. Revised Second Edition. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990, pp. 85-176. 
  • "From Sasun to the Ottoman Bank: Armenians in the Mid-1890's." Armenian Review 31, no. 3-123 (Mar. 1979): 227-264. 
  • Wilson, Keith M. "Constantinople or Cairo: Lord Salisbury and the Partition of the Ottoman Empire 1886-1897." In Keith M. Wilson, ed. Imperialism and Nationalism in the Middle East: The Anglo-Egyptian Experience 1882-1982. London: Mansell, 1983, pp. 26-55. 
  • Wittlin, Alma. Abdul Hamid: The Shadow of God. Translated from the German by Norman Denny. London: John Lane The Bodley Head, 1940, 296p. 
  • Zhamkoch`ian, Beniamin K. Patmut`iwn Mamiwret`iwl Azizi german orbanots`nere (History of Mamiwretiwl Aziz German orphanage). Beirut: G. Doniguian, 1973, 445p. 
8. THE TURKISH NATIONALIST POINT OF VIEW 
  • "England's Policy in Turkey." Fortnightly Review 59 (Feb. 1896): 286-290. By a Turkish officer. 
  • Aspirations et agissement révolutionnaires des comités arméniens avant et après la proclamation de la constitution ottomane. Istanbul, 1917, 290p. 
  • Ermeni olaylar tarihi. Vol. 1. Hüseyin Nâzim Paa (History of the Armenian events. Vol. 1. Husein Nazim Pasha). Ankara: T.C. Babakanlk Devlet Arivleri Genel Müdürlüü. Osmanl Arivi Daire Bakanl Yayn Nu 15, 1994, 228p.
  • Ermeni olaylar tarihi. Vol. 2. Hüseyin Nâzim Paa. Ankara: T.C. Babakanlk Devlet Arivleri Genel Müdürlüü. Osmanl Arivi Daire Bakanl Yayn Nu 15, 1994, 451p. + 541p. 
  • Osmanl Arivi. Yldz Tasnifi. Ermeni Meselesi: Talori Olaylar. Ottoman Archives. Yildiz Collection. The Armenian Question: Talori Incidents. Vol. 1. Istanbul: The Historical Research Foundation, Istanbul Research Center, 1989, 371p. 
  • Osmanl Arivi. Yldz Tasnifi. Ermeni Meselesi: Talori Olaylarndan sonra Siyasi Gelimeler. Ottoman Archives. Yildiz Collection. The Armenian Question: Political Developments after the Talori Incidents. Vol. 2. Istanbul: The Historical Research Foundation, Istanbul Research Center, 1989, 441p. 
  • Osmanl Arivi. Yldz Tasnifi. Ermeni Meselesi: Ermeni Olaylar Üzerine Resmi Görüler Begeler. Ottoman Archives. Yildiz Collection. The Armenian Question: Government Opinion and Documents Concerning the Armenian Incidents. Vol. 3. Istanbul: The Historical Research Foundation, Istanbul Research Center, 1989, 391p. 
  • Akçora, Ergünöz. "Firat havzasi'nda Ermeni propagandasi ve mektuplar" (Armenian propaganda and letters in the Euphrates Basin). Türk Dünyas Aratrmalar 49 (1987): 127-150. 
  • Basgun, Necla. Türk-Ermeni likileri; Abdulhamid'in Culusundan Zamanimiza Kadar. Ankara: San Matbaasi, 1970, 204p. 
  • Birinci, Ali. "Ittihad ve Terakki'nin Ilk Risalesi: 'Vatan Tehlikede'" (The first pamphlet of the Committee of Union and Progress: 'The Motherland is in Danger'). Tarih ve Toplum 9, no. 54 (1988): 9-14. 
  • Bozkurt, Gülnihâl. Alman-Ingiliz Belgerlerinin ve Siyasî Gelimelerin Ii Altinda Gayrimüslim Osmanl Vatandalarnn Hukukî Durumu (1839-1914). Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basimevi, 1989, 244p. 
  • Çark, Y. G. Türk devleti hizmetinde Ermeniler, 1453-1953. Istanbul: Yeni Matbaa, 1953, 302p. 
  • Davison, Roderic H. "Nationalism as an Ottoman Problem and the Ottoman Response." In William W. Haddad and William Ochsenwald, eds., Nationalism in a Non-National State: The Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1977. 
  • Demirolu, Faiz. Van'da Ermeni Mezâlimi, 1895-1920. Ankara: Türk Kültürünü Aratrma Enstitüsü, 1985, 104p. 
  • Gürün, Kamuran. The Armenian File: The Myth of Innocence Exposed. London, Nicosia, Istanbul: K. Rustem & Bro. and Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1985, 323p. 
  • Hocaolu, Mehmed. Ariv Vesikalariyla Tarihte Ermeni Mezalimi ve Ermeniler. Istanbul: ANDA Dagitim, 1976, 866p. 
  • Kadri, Hüseyin Kâzim. Balkanlardan hicaza Imparatorluun tasfiyesi. Pinar Yaynlar, 1992, pp. 123-154. 
  • Karal, Enver Ziya. The Armenian Question, 1878-1923. Trans. Sekip Engineri. Ankara: Imprimerie Gündüz, 1975, 29p. 
  • La Question arménienne, 1878-1923. Trans. Kaya Dorsan. Ankara: Imprimerie Gündüz, 1984. 
  • Kodaman, Bayram. "Bir Amerikal Gazeteci Gözüyle Ermeni Maceras (1897)" (Events in Armenia as seen by an American journalist in 1897). Belleten- Türk Tarih Kurumu 49, no. 195 (1985): 569-578. 
  • "Deux propositions opposées pour la solution du cas arménien (Abdulhamid II et Paul Terziyan)." Revue d'Histoire Maghrébine 14, no. 47-48 (1987): 147-152. 
  • "Ermeni Meselesinin Dou Sebepleri" (The reasons for the arising of the Armenian Question). Türk Kültürü no. 219 (Mar.-Apr. 1981): 240-249. 
  • Sultan II Abdulhamid devri dou Anadolu politikas. Ankara: Türk Kulturunu Aratrma Enstitutu, 1987, 156p. 
  • Kücük, Cevdet. Osmanli diplomasisinde Ermeni meselesinin ortaya çk, 1878-1897. Istanbul: Istanbul Universitesi, Edibiyat Fakultesi, 1984, 200p. 
  • Mazici, Nuren. Belgelerle uluslararas rekabette Ermeni sorunu'nun kökeni, 1878-1918. Istanbul: [Gumus Basimevi], 1987, 292p. 
  • Naumann, Friedrich. Asia. Eine Orientreise über Athen, Konstantinopel, Baalbek, Nazareth, Jerusalem, Kairo, Neapel (Asia. A journey to the Orient via Athens, Baalbek, Nazareth, Jerusalem, Cairo, Naples). 8. unveränderte Anflage. Berlin-Schönberg: Buchverlag der "Hilse," G.m.b.H., 1911, 166p. 
  • Norman, C. B. Ermenilerin Maskesi Düüyor. (The Armenians unmasked). Edited by Yavuz Ercan. Ankara: Ankara Üniveritesi. Osmanl Tarihi Aratrma ve Uygulama Merkezi Yaynlar, Say 1, 1993, 165p 
  • Öke, Mim Kemâl. Ingiliz Casusu Prof. Arminius Vambery'nin gizli raporlarnda: II. Abdülhamid ve dönemi. Istanbul: Uçdal Neriyat, 1983, 167p. 
  • "Professor A. Vambéry and Anglo-Ottoman Relations (1889-1907). Turkish Studies Association Bulletin 9, no. 2 (Sept. 1985): 15-28. 
  • Osmanolou, Aïché. Avec mon père Abdulhamid II de son palais à sa prison. Traduit du turc par Jacques Jeulin. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1991, 313p. See Annexe III, "Le Sultan Abdulhamid II et les Arméniens. Comment les Turcs voient les événements de 1895-1896," pp. 280-292, which was added by the editor from secondary sources because she herself did not mention the Armenians at all. 
  • Sadk Effendi. "The Armenian Agitation: A Reply to Mr. Stevenson, M.P." New Review 9 (1893): 456-465. 
  • Shahid Bey, Sadik. Islam, Turkey, and Armenia, and How It Happened. Turkish Mysteries Unveiled. St. Louis, MO: C.B. Woodward, 1898, 224p. 
  • imir, Bilâl N. The Genesis of the Armenian Question. Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Basmevi, 1983, 23p. 
  • Sonyel, Salahi Ramsdan. The Ottoman Armenians: Victims of Great Power Diplomacy. London: K. Rustem & Brother, 1987, 426p. 
  • Tahsin Paa. Abdülhamit Yldz hatralar. (Abdul Hamid's Yildiz Palace memoirs). Istanbul, 1931 
  • Woods Pasha. "Affairs in Armenia." London Daily Telegraph (Nov. 28, 1894): 5. 
  • "The Armenians." London Daily Telegraph (Nov. 22, 1894): 5. 
  • Uras, Esat. The Armenians in History and the Armenian Question. Istanbul: Documentary Publications, 1988, 1048p.
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Compiled by George Shirinian, © 1999
Courtesy of Danette Hein-Snider

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Updated 30 May, 2000 ..
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