Declarations of Recognition
"Our fellow countrymen committed
unheard of crimes, resorted to all conceivable methods of despotism, organized
deprtations massacres, poured gas over babies and burned them, raped women
and girls in front of their parents who were bound hand and foot, took
girls in front of their parents and fathers, appropriated personal property
and real estate, drove people to Mesopotamia and treated them inhumanly
on the way . . . they put thousands of innocent people into boats that
were sunk at sea . . . they put Armenians in the most unbearable conditaons
any other nation had ever known in its history."
by Paul deVeou, "La Chute d'Alexandrette", Paris, 1938)
"The Turkish Government began and
ruthlessly carried out the infamous massacre and deportation of Armenians
in Asia Minor. The clearance of the race froom Asia Minor was about as
complete as such an act, on a scale so great, could well be."
WINSTON SPENCER CHURCHILL (1874-1965)
statesman and historian.
"From May until October the Ottoman
Government pursued methodically a plan of extermination far more hellish
than the worst possible massacre. Orders for deportation of the entire
Armenian population to Mesopotamia were despatched to every province of
Asia Minor. These orders were explicit and detailed. No hamlet was too
insignificant to be mmsed. The news was given by town criers that every
Armenian was to be ready to leave at a certaa.n hour for an unknown destination.
There were no exceptions for the aged, the ill, the women in pregnancy."
HERRERT A. GIBBSONS
Blackest Page of Modern-History" Putnam, New York 1916
"The whole plan of extermination
was not:hing less than a cold- blooded, calculated political measure, having
for its object the annih- lation of a superior element in the population,
which might prove 'troublesome, and to this must be added the motive of
statesman and humanitarian. Winner of the 1922 Nobel Peace Prize.
Commissioner for Refugees under the League of Nations
". . . It would s!eem that three-fourths
or four-fifths of t.he whole nation has been wiped out, and there is no
case in history, certainly not since the time of Tameriane, in which any
crime so hideous and upon so large a scale has been recorded."
". . . Wherever the Armenians, almost
wholly unarmed as they were, have fought, they have fought in self-defence
to defend their families and themselves from the cruelty of the ruffians
who constitute what is called the Government of the country. There is no
excuse whatever, upon any such ground as some German authorities and newspapers
allege, for the conduct of the Turkish Government. Their policy of slaughter
and deportation has been wanton and unprovoked. It appears to be simply
an applicatzon of the maxim once enunciated by Sultan Abdul Hamid: "The
way to get rid of the Armenian Question is to get rid of the Armenians";
and the policy of extermination has been carried out with far more thoroughness
and with far more blood-th.irsty completeness by the present heads of the
Turkish Administration - they describe themselves as the Committee of Union
and progress- than it was in the time of Abdul Hamid."
Statesman and scholar, Regina Professor of Civil Law at Qxford, Undersecretary
of stats for foreign affairs.
of many historical works among which The Armenians Under The Ottoman Empire.
from a speech delivered in the House of Lords of Great Britain, on October
"I would li.ke to see Europe, that
wept over Uncle Tom's Cabin, think over the outrages perpetrated by the
Turks in Armenia. Eight centuries ago a lesser injustice than these crimes
would have caused an avenging Crusade. It is the duty of the Allied Powers,
fighting now against the Central Empires, to grant freedom to Armenia.
Otherwise the remnant of this unfortunate nation will become anarchists,
and if they were to destroy Constantinople by dynamite, I a bishop, standing
before the altar of Christ, would without any compunetion pronounce their
action not only justified, but even sanctified."
of Orleans, France.
"The great massacres and persecutions
of the past seem almost insignificant when compared with the sufferings
of the Armenian race in 1915."
States Ambassador at Constantinople during the First World War. From
"Ambassador Morgenthau's Story"
"Let us not forget that the Armenian
nation has a long and glorious history; that it was one of the earliest
to create a civilizatzon and cultured society; that is was the first as
a nation to adopt Chri.stianity for all these centuries, through every
horror. But even this is not enough to say of the essential greatness of
Armenian history and the Armenian character. It is necessary to remember
that it was at one period of its history, t,he greatest power among the
natzons of Asia, that it governed itself with success and Christianity
between Asia and Europe and finally that these traditions of faith and
of patriotism have been carned on through m.any centuries and numberless
generations while religion and national spirit have not suffered the slightest
dimi.nution in either valor or tenacity."
POWER O'CONOR (Tay Pay) (1848-1929)
journalist and nationalist leader.
"The Armenians constitute the sole
civilizing, the sole humanizing element in Anatolia; peaceful to the degree
of self sacrifice; law-abiding to their own undoing and industrious and
hopeful under conditions which would appall the majority of mankind. At
their best they are the stuff of which heroes and martyrs and moulded."
EMILE DILLON (1854-1933)
journalist "Armenia, an Appeal"
"The scheme was nothing less than
the extermination,of the whole Christian population within the Ottoman
frontiers. . . Nothing remained but to use the opportunity and strike a
stroke that would never need repetition. "After this", said Talaat Bey,
when he gave the final signal, "there will be no Armenian Question for
Murder of a Nation")
J. TOYNBEE British historiana
"Then, coming to the broad question
of Armenia we remember those terrible massacres in 1895 and 1896, but they
pale into insignificance before what has been done during this War. The
Germans have been guilty of the most gh,astly and unspeakable crimes, but
there is no crime so ghastly and able as the wholesale massacre, under
circumstances of the greatest possible barbarity and atrocity, of the Armenians
"If there is a race which has been
closely connected with the Turks by its fidelity, by its services to the
country, by the statesmen and functionaries of talent it has furnished,
by the intelligence which it has manifested in all domains - commerce,
industry, science, and the
arts - it is certainly the Armeman."
exile in Paris.
"Of the 2,000,000 Armenians in Turkey
in 1914, one million have been slaughtered and the survivors only 130,000
remain in Turkey and the rest are refugees and exiles. Armenian property
losses are valued at over 5,000,000,000 dollars are more than three fourths
of the estimated wealth of the Armenian race."
in the World War I"
"Affter the victory of our armies,
which are fighting for justice and liberty, the Allies will have great
duties to fulfill; and the most sacred of them will be to bestow life again
on the martyred nations - on Belgium, on Serbia. They will also insure
the safety and the independence of Armenia. Turning to her, they will say,
Sister, arise! Suffer no longer! Thou art henceforth free to live in accordance
with thy genius and thy faith!"
ANATOLE FRANCOIS THIBAULT (ANATOLE FRANCE) (1844-1924)
poet, critic, novelist and playwright
"Mr. President, April 24, 1965 was
the fiftieth anniversary of the commencement of the atrocities against
the Armenian people, resultang in the massacre of 1.5 million of this courageous
race. Armeians throughout Massachusetts and the Nation have reaffirmed
their commitment to the cause of justice and human rights.
"Indeed, the Armenian question is
very much alive today. In America, where both the concept and practise
ofjustice demand that the slightest trespass of the rights of a single
individual receide meticulous attention, certainly the oppression and destruction
of a race or nation calls forth our expressed horror and opposition. It
becomes a people such as ourselves - dedicated to freedom and individual
liberty - not only to remember and reflect upon the past suffering of the
Armenians during this prescribed month of mourning, but also to dedicate
our efforts and redections to the best manner by which to avoid and eliminate
any future repetition of such ignoble action."