Statistics and geography
Facts about Republic
land area: Approximately 29,800 sq Km (11,490 sq miles)
Bordering states: Azerbaijan,
Georgia, Turkey & Iran.
Capital of Armenia:
Flag: Three equal horizontal
stripes of red, blue and orange.
Date of Independence:
September 23, 1991.
(1996) within Armenia - 5,000,000 outside Armenia (Diaspora)
rate: 1.08% (1994 est.)
by Lesser Caucasus range, running across north and then turning southeast
to Iran. Armenian Plateau to the southwest of mountains. Plateau, major
feature of central Armenia, slopes gradually downward into Araks River
valley, which forms border with Turkey to west and Iran to south. Average
Population density: ranging
from 17 to 330 persons/sq Km
Net migration rate:
-6.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1994 est.)
Birth rate: 24.21 births/1,000
population (1994 est.)
Death rate: 6.72 deaths/1,000
population (1994 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
27.1 deaths/1,000 live births (1994 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 72.07
male: 68.65 years
female: 75.65 years (1994
Total fertility rate:
3.19 children born/woman (1994 est.)
Armenian 94%, Russian 2%, other 4%
Labor force: 1.578
By occupation: Industry
and construction 34%, agriculture and forestry 31%, other 35% (1992)
preclude influence from nearby seas; temperature and precipitation generally
determined by elevation: colder and wetter in higher elevations (north
and northeast). In central plateau, wide temperature variation between
winter and summer.
Languages: Official state
language is Armenian, spoken by 96 percent of population. Russian, first
language of 2 percent, second language for about 40 percent of population.
ranging between -5° and -10°C
ranging between 22° and 36°C
94 percent of population belongs to Armenian Apostolic Orthodox Church.
Other religions include Russian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Protestant denominations,
Education and Literacy:
Education is compulsory through secondary school. Literacy estimated at
100 percent. In early 1990s, substantial changes, begun in previous centralized
Soviet system, emphasized national heritage.
Currency: Dram (Tram)
Resourses and Industry:
1 Dram = 100 Luma
exchange rate - 1USD = 502 Dram (Mar
Government and Political structure:
Natural resources: copper;
lead; zinc; silver; small deposits of gold
Agriculture: cotton; grapes;
sugar beets; tobacco
building materials; canned food; mechanical engineering; chemicals; textiles
Time: GMT +3
National Assembly, with 190 seats, 150 elected from single-member districts
and 40 by party list.
Head of state: The President.
The government is appointed by the prime minister, who is nominated by
Main political parties: Armenian
Revolutionary Federation (also known as Dashnakchutiun or Dashnak); Armenian
National Movement; Shamiram; Communist party; National Democratic Union;
National Self-Determination Union; Ramgavar Azadagan; Social-Democratic